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各国国家的用餐礼仪

来源:粤菜菜谱   时间: 2019-03-17

  你经常要满世界的到处出差,那就是吃遍天下啦,那各国国家的用餐礼仪也要懂。下面是学习啦为大家准备的各国国家的用餐礼仪,希望可以帮助大家!

  各国国家的用餐礼仪

  1. SEATING ETIQUETTE

  Your host may have seating arrangements in mind, so you should allow him to direct you to your seat. As the host, you should suggest the seating arrangements. In a restaurant, the guest of honor should sit in the best seat at the table. Usually that is one with the back of the chair to the wall. Once the guest of honor's seat is determined, the host should sit to her left. Other people are then offered seats around the table.

  在中国,大家都习惯进去一家餐厅直接坐下来等服务员来点餐。在美国一般都在前台,有的时候人多,就在门口等waiter or waitress来带你入座。

  2. NAPKIN ETIQUETTE

  At informal meals, place the napkin in your lap immediately upon seating. During formal occasions, before unfolding the napkin, wait for the hostess to remove her napkin from the table and unfold it in her lap.

  Read more table manners tips for using哪家医院能根治癫痫病 your napkin in the napkin etiquettesection.

  我们小时候看电视,外国人都把餐巾塞在领口。然而,在美国,餐巾是放在大腿上的。

  3. FOOD SERVICE ETIQUETTE

  During service of a formal dinner, the food is brought to each diner at the table; the server presents the platter or bowl on the diner's left. At a more casual meal, either the host dishes the food onto guests' plates for them to pass around the table or the diners help themselves to the food and pass it to others as necessary.

  在国内,大家都是一起吃。在美国则是分餐制。每个人吃自己盘子里的,偶尔前菜大家会分着吃。所以服务员会是不是问你吃好了没有。如果你说你吃完了,服务员就会把你的菜撤走,即使你只吃了一口。。。

  4. THE TABLE SETTING

  Deciding which knife, fork, or spoon to use is made easier by the outside-in table manners rule – using utensils on the outside first and working your way inward.

  餐具的使用顺序有点复杂,比如吃沙拉的刀叉和吃牛排正餐的刀叉是不一样的。喝汤和吃甜品的勺子也是不一样的。基本上从大小就可以分辨。但是小旋子觉得与其记这么复杂的东西,不如在用餐的时候,很礼貌的问服务员:It's my first time to dine in a high end restaurant. I am so confused about all these table settings. Can you please te信阳市癫痫病治疗官网ll me which one I should start with?

  5. WHEN TO START EATING

  At a small table of only two to four people, wait until everyone else has been served before starting to eat. At a formal or business meal, you should either wait until everyone is served to start or begin when the host asks you to.

  咱们国内的风俗也是差不多,等人齐了再点菜,再开动。美国是,等每个人各自点的菜都上齐了,再开动。

  6. HANDLING UTENSILS

  The continental table manners style prevails at all meals, formal and informal, because it is a natural, non-disruptive way to eat.

  Hold your fork in your left hand, tines downward.

  Hold your knife in your right hand, an inch or two above the plate.

  Extend your index finger along the top of the blade.

  Use your fork to spear and lift food to your mouth.

  If your knife is not needed, it remains on the table.

  7. PASSING THE FOOD

  Pass to the right. One diner either holds the dish as the next diner takes some北京羊癫疯治疗的费用 food, or he hands it to the person, who then serves herself. Any heavy or awkward dishes are put on the table with each pass. Special rules apply topassing salt and pepper and passing bread and butter.

  美国人聚餐一般不share.但如果是家庭或者亲朋好友聚餐,大家还是会分享自己的食物的。

  8. RESTING UTENSILS

  When you pause to take a sip of your beverage or to speak with someone, rest your utensils by placing your knife and fork on your plate near the center, slightly angled in an inverted V and with the tips of the knife and fork pointing toward each other.

  9. MEALS END

  At a formal affair, plates are removed by a professional staff. But as most informal meals are served without help, the hostess clears the plates, often with the help of a guest or two. At a family meal, members clear their own plates.

  8和9一起说。尤其在餐厅用餐时,当我们中途去洗手间和我们吃完了的时候,餐具的摆放是不一样的。很多朋友第一次在美国吃西餐,去了一趟洗手间,回来的时候自己的食物已经被收走。为了避免这样的悲剧,请看下图:

  10. GET THE BILL

  After you and your friends finish yo清远市最权威的儿童癫痫病医院ur food, you can go ahead and get your bill. Just say to the waiter/waitress: Check, please./Can/May I please have my check/bill? 中国是没有给小费的习惯。但是在美国,几乎在任何服务业都要给小费。快餐店除外。小费给多少,不同城市,不同州,最低标准都会不一样。详细的请自行百度Google. 还是那句话,如果是在美国的普通餐厅用餐,不要太在意。但是如果去领导,教授的家里用餐,以上的很多细节到家千万不要忘了哦!

  各国用餐礼仪

  宴会礼仪

  (1)在当你应邀赴宴时,你对同桌进餐的人和餐桌上的谈话,大概要比对饮食要更感兴趣。因此进餐时,应该尽可能地少一些声响,少一些动作。

  (2)女主人一拿起餐巾时,你也就可以拿起你的餐巾,放在腿上。有时餐巾中包有一只小面包;如果是那样的话就把它取也,放在旁边的小碟上。

  (3)餐巾如果很大,就双叠着放在腿上;如果很小,就全部打开。千万别将餐巾别在领上或背心上,也不要在手中乱揉。可以用餐巾的一角擦去嘴上或手指上的油渍或脏物。千万别用它来擦刀叉或碗碟。

  (4)正餐通常从汤开始。在你座前最大的一把匙就是汤匙,它就在你的右边的盘子旁边。不要错用放在桌子中间的那把匙子,因为那可能是取蔬菜可果酱用的。

  (5)在女主人拿起她的匙子或叉子以前,客人不得食用任何一道菜。女主人通常要等到每位客人都拿到菜后才开始。她不会像中国习惯那样,请你先吃。当她拿起匙或叉时,那就意味着大家也可以那样做了。

  (6)如果有鱼这道菜的话,它多半在汤以后送上,桌上可能有鱼的一把专用叉子,它也可能与吃肉的叉子相似,通常要小一些,总之,鱼叉放在肉叉的外侧离盘较远的一侧。

  (7)通常在鱼上桌之前,鱼骨早就剔净了,如果你吃的那块鱼还有刺的话,你可以左手拿着面包卷,或一块面包,右手拿着刀子,把刺拨开。

  (8)如果嘴里有了一根刺,就应悄悄地,尽可能不引起注意地用手指将它取出,放在盘子边沿上,别放在桌上,或扔在地下。

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